Indigenous Flowers of Singapore and How to Save Endangered Species

Republic of Singapore is a small island located at the tip of Malay Peninsula and is one of the smallest equatorial countries of the world. This small country consists of 63 offshore islands and a main island. This regions consistent temperature and plentiful rainfall often increases the quantity of flora and fauna in the country. From the total area of 697.1 Sq Km from the main land, the main island of this region comprises around 617.1 Sq kms of area. This region bears a humid and warm climate round the year and rainfall is in plenty. Singapore normally experiences two different climates one is the dries climate from the months of June to September and the wetter climate from December to March.

The 23 percent of the area in the region is covered with mangrove forests and dense tropical rainforest. In the year 1840, as a settlement forests were cut down in order to cultivate different crops like cocoa, pepper, clove, nutmeg and gamlier. Later in the year 1877, the first rubber plants were also planted along with several endemic plant species which included inhabiting orchids. Later, several forest reserves were set up which include National Parks Board. This board manages almost 3,000 hectares of natural reserves such as the Labrador Natural Reserve, Sungei Beulah Wetland Reserve, Central Catchment Natural Reserve and Bukit Timah Natural Reserve.

There are several indigenous trees found in and around Singapore. Small rainforest in the Botanical Garden and Bukit Timah Natural Reserve are two of the best places to find these indigenous trees in Singapore. Some of these indigenous trees include Tembusu (Fagraea fragrans) and Tiger Orchid. Tembusu is one type of a large tree which provides hard wood and it has white and yellow flowers. These flowers bloom in the months of May with a distinct fragrance. On the other hand Grammatophyllum is a flowering stalk that grows up to 2 meters in size and is one of the species of Tiger Orchid. It is one of the largest orchid species that produces many racemes which arises from pseudobulb along with several olive green and waxy flowers.

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Vanda Miss Joaquim is said to be a hybrid orchid native and the national flower of Singapore. In the year 18923, this particular species of Vanda trees were initially discovered in the Agnes Joaquim gardens. This particular flower was chosen as a part of national pride and recognition among the 40 other flowers to be the national flower of Singapore. The capacity of this flower to bloom all thorough the year was considered to imitate the regions continuous quest for excellence and progress in every aspect of life. This particular flower needs high humidity, air movement, heavy fertilizing and sunlight in order to achieve optimum flowering and growth. It also requires a support to grow tall and straight. Distinct to other countries of the world, Singapore possesses peculiarity of being the only country to possess a hybrid as its national flower.

Every species in the world have its significance in nature and its outcome after its extermination changes. The causes and methods of several species becoming endangered are many. However, they are generally related and even caused by humans who are responsible for endangering al the species which are been destroyed every year. One of the main reasons why species are endangered is due to the loss if natural habitats. Usually, every year rainforests are been deforested, marshes and wetlands are drained and slowly and steadily grasslands are converted into towns and cities. This is the main problem worldwide.

There are quite a few precautionary measures that can be implemented to save these endangered species and even improving the environment. There are several programs being run by private organizations and governments and usually these programs are appreciated worldwide. These organizations collect money for the parks and zoos which have endangered species. Even these organizations work in recycling aluminum cans, by doing so the bauxite which is a metal type mineral extracted from the soil beneath the rainforest can be conserved. This type of mineral is being used in all the aluminum cans. This type of preservation can definitely save the rainforests from being destroyed and also the demolishing amount of natural habitats of species can be stopped. The energy conversation can also help in saving all the endangered species.



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